Placebo Effect and Athletes

Thomas H. Trojian*, Christopher J. Beedie

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature Reviewpeer-review

    29 Citations (SciVal)


    Anecdotal and experimental evidence suggest that the placebo effect is seen in athletics. To this end, placebos have been used in clinical practice and athletic performance. Positive reinforcement and the beliefs of athletes might contribute to the magnitude and direction of the effect, while supplement color, cost, and method of delivery also might be salient factors. Physiological changes similar to those resulting from active medication have been observed as the result of the administration of placebos, raising questions about placebo mechanisms. Researchers should look at design methods that will isolate placebo effects from those of experimental medication.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)214-217
    Number of pages4
    JournalCurrent Sports Medicine Reports
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2008


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