Pressure-induced amorphization and an amorphous-amorphous transition in densified porous silicon

Sudip K. Deb, Martin C. Wilding, Maddury Somayazulu, Paul F. McMillan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

365 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Crystalline and amorphous forms of silicon are the principal materials used for solid-state electronics and photovoltaics technologies. Silicon is therefore a well-studied material, although new structures and properties are still being discovered1, 2, 3, 4. Compression of bulk silicon, which is tetrahedrally coordinated at atmospheric pressure, results in a transition to octahedrally coordinated metallic phases5. In compressed nanocrystalline Si particles, the initial diamond structure persists to higher pressure than for bulk material, before transforming to high-density crystals6. Here we report compression experiments on films of porous Si, which contains nanometre-sized domains of diamond-structured material7, 8, 9. At pressures larger than 10 GPa we observed pressure-induced amorphization10, 11. Furthermore, we find from Raman spectroscopy measurements that the high-density amorphous form obtained by this process transforms to low-density amorphous silicon upon decompression. This amorphous–amorphous transition is remarkably similar to that reported previously for water12, 13, which suggests an underlying transition between a high-density and a low-density liquid phase in supercooled Si (refs 10, 14, 15). The Si melting temperature decreases with increasing pressure, and the crystalline semiconductor melts to a metallic liquid with average coordination 5 (ref. 16).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)528-530
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume414
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Nov 2001

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