Production and Efficiency in Association Football

Fiona Carmichael, Dennis Thomas, Robert Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Citations (SciVal)


Despite their proliferation, sporting production function studies remain almost entirely U.S.-based, concentrating largely (although not exclusively) on baseball. Mainly due to a dearth of match-play statistics, there have been few studies of other, more interactive sports. This study attempts to partly fill the gap by using a new data source containing information on specific match-play variables to estimate a season-based production function for English Premiership association football teams. On the basis of computed residuals, the authors also identify those teams shown to be relatively efficient and inefficient in various aspects of match plays
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-243
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Sports Economics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2001


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