Prompt penetration electric fields (PPEFs) and their ionospheric effects during the great magnetic storm of 30-31 October 2003

B. T. Tsurutani*, O. P. Verkhoglyadova, A. J. Mannucci, A. Saito, T. Araki, K. Yumoto, T. Tsuda, M. A. Abdu, J. H. A. Sobral, Walter D. Gonzalez, H. McCreadie, G. S. Lakhina, V. M. Vasyliunas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

192 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

We explore the ionospheric effects of prompt penetration electric fields (PPEFs) for a variety of interplanetary magnetic field directions. We use the great magnetic storm of 30-31 October as an example of PPEF effects. For intense southward interplanetary magnetic fields (IMFs), inward plasma sheet convection occurs with the result of magnetospheric ring current formation and an intense magnetic storm. Concurrent with the above, positive phase ionospheric storms occur in the dayside, and negative phase ionospheric storms occur on the nightside, the topics of this paper. The dayside ionospheric storms due to PPEFs are characterized by transport of near-equatorial plasma to higher altitudes and latitudes, forming a giant plasma fountain. These features are part of what is called the dayside ionospheric superfountain (DIS). For these southward IMFs, dusk and dawn plasma are predicted to be transported toward the dayside. For northward IMFs, negative phase ionospheric storms are expected on the dayside if the PPEFs indeed reach that region of space. IMF By components are expected to have weak or neglible ionospheric effects. On the basis of PPEF arguments, intervals of IMF By should not be related to geomagnetic storms (they are not). IMF By intervals should, however, cause a shearing of the magnetotail, a feature that has been previously reported in the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number05311
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume113
Issue numberA5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2008

Keywords

  • LOW-LATITUDE IONOSPHERE
  • EQUATORIAL IONOSPHERE
  • SUDDEN COMMENCEMENT
  • DISTURBANCE DYNAMO
  • GEOMAGNETIC STORM
  • SOLAR-WIND
  • JULY 15
  • MODEL
  • DENSITY
  • SYSTEM
  • PPEFs
  • dayside superfountain effect
  • great magnetic storms

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