Recognition of peptide epitopes of the 16,000 MW antigen of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by murine T cells

H. M. Vordermeier, D. P. Harris, R. Lathigra, E. Roman, C. Moreno, J. Ivanyi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The T-cell repertoire to a prominent immunogen of Mycobacterium tuberculosis has been investigated on the assumption that differences in epitope specificity could influence the protective and pathogenic host reactions. Proliferative responses of lymph node and spleen cells to overlapping peptides, spanning the entire sequence of the 16,000 MW protein antigen were analysed in C57BL/10 and B10.BR mice. Following footpad priming and in vitro challenge with homologous peptide, 12 out of the 14 peptides tested were found to be immunogenic. However, only two peptides of residues 31-40 and 71-91 stimulated strong proliferative responses of T cells from mice which had been presensitized with either killed or live M. tuberculosis organisms; another three peptides were only weakly stimulatory. These epitopes have been immunodominant in both H-2b and H-2(k) mouse strains, indicating the genetically permissive nature of their recognition. Furthermore, both major immunodominant epitopes were found to be species specific for the M. tuberculosis complex and therefore potentially suitable for the early diagnosis of tuberculous infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-12
Number of pages7
JournalImmunology
Volume80
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1993

Keywords

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Bacterial/biosynthesis
  • Antigens, Bacterial/immunology
  • Epitopes/immunology
  • Lymph Nodes/cytology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Mycobacterium/immunology
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis/immunology
  • Peptides/immunology
  • Species Specificity
  • T-Lymphocytes/immunology

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