Reducing fluxes of faecal indicator compliance parameters to bathing waters from diffuse agricultural sources: The Brighouse Bay study, Scotland

John Crowther, M. Aitken, I. Dickson, David Kay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The European Water Framework Directive requires the integrated management of point and diffuse pollution to achieve ‘good’ water quality in ‘protected areas’. These include bathing waters, which are regulated using faecal indicator organisms as compliance parameters. Thus, for the first time, European regulators are faced with the control of faecal indicator fluxes from agricultural sources where these impact on bathing water compliance locations. Concurrently, reforms to the European Union (EU) Common Agricultural Policy offer scope for supporting on-farm measures producing environmental benefits through the new ‘single farm payments’ and the concept of ‘cross-compliance’. This paper reports the first UK study involving remedial measures, principally stream bank fencing, designed to reduce faecal indicator fluxes at the catchment scale. Considerable reduction in faecal indicator flux was observed, but this was insufficient to ensure bathing water compliance with either Directive 76/160/EEC standards or new health-evidence-based criteria proposed by WHO and the European Commission.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-149
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume147
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2007

Keywords

  • Faecal indicator bacteria
  • Coliform
  • Enterococci
  • Agricultural diffuse pollution
  • Water Framework Directive
  • Export coefficient
  • Bathing water

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Reducing fluxes of faecal indicator compliance parameters to bathing waters from diffuse agricultural sources: The Brighouse Bay study, Scotland'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this