Regional Productivity Differentials in Three New Member Countries: What Can We Learn from the 1986 Enlargement to the South?

Sandy Dall'erba, Yannis Kamarianakis, Julie Le Gallo, Maria Plotnikova

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Abstract

The recent enlargement of the European Union (EU) will lead to unprecedented reforms of region-al policies. We examine the regional distribution of gross value added, employment, and produc-tivity for the Polish, Hungarian, and Czech regions, and compare them to the EU-15 average forthe 1990-2000 period. We study their per capita incomes relative to the EU average and howthese gaps are related to differences in productivity per worker. Finally, we use Esteban’s (2000)shift-share analysis to explore the extent to which regional productivity gaps are due to differencesin industrial mix as opposed to region-specific factors. The results are compared to figures for theSpanish and Portuguese regions a decade before their entrance to the EU.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-116
Number of pages20
JournalReview of Regional Studies
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Labor productivity
  • Regional disparities
  • Shift-share analysis
  • Transition countries

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