Revisiting the Borrobol Tephra

Ewa M. Lind, Carl Lilja, Stefan Wastegård, Nicholas J. G. Pearce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The Borrobol Tephra has been identified as one of the key tephra horizons for the Lateglacial time period but it also exemplifies many of the promises and problems of tephrochronology. Additional horizons with similar major element composition and approximately the same age have been identified around the North Atlantic region. Here, we revisit the Borrobol Tephra identified at two Swedish sites, Hässeldala port and Skallahult, and also the Borrobol type-site in Scotland. We present the first set of minor element data (trace and rare earth analyses) along with new analyses of major elements from these three sites. The analysed minor and the trace elements have a similar signature; however, the glass from the Scottish type-site seems to imply two populations. To answer if this truly represents two populations, or if it reflects magmatic differentiation additional and larger data sets of minor elements are needed. The new major elements are compared to other Borrobol-type tephras identified in the North Atlantic region. Our results are in line with earlier investigations, which showed no differences in major elements. Further, comparison of minor elements from glass analyses from our sites with those for eruptions associated with Icelandic central volcanoes implies an Icelandic origin for the Borrobol-type tephras.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)629-643
JournalBoreas
Volume45
Issue number4
Early online date28 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2016

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