RNA interference targeting leucine aminopeptidase blocks hatching of Schistosoma mansoni eggs

Gabriel Rinaldi, Maria E. Morales, Yousef N. Alrefaei, Martín Cancela, Estela Castillo, John P. Dalton, José F. Tort, Paul J. Brindley*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Citations (SciVal)


Schistosoma mansoni leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) is thought to play a central role in hatching of the miracidium from the schistosome egg. We identified two discrete LAPs genes in the S. mansoni genome, and their orthologs in S. japonicum. The similarities in sequence and exon/intron structure of the two genes, LAP1 and LAP2, suggest that they arose by gene duplication and that this occurred before separation of the mansoni and japonicum lineages. The SmLAP1 and SmLAP2 genes have different expression patterns in diverse stages of the cycle; whereas both are equally expressed in the blood dwelling stages (schistosomules and adult), SmLAP2 expression was higher in free living larval (miracidia) and in parasitic intra-snail (sporocysts) stages. We investigated the role of each enzyme in hatching of schistosome eggs and the early stages of schistosome development by RNA interference (RNAi). Using RNAi, we observed marked and specific reduction of mRNAs, along with a loss of exopeptidase activity in soluble parasite extracts against the diagnostic substrate l-leucine-7-amido-4-methylcoumarin hydroxide. Strikingly, knockdown of either SmLAP1 or SmLAP2, or both together, was accompanied by >or=80% inhibition of hatching of schistosome eggs showing that both enzymes are important to the escape of miracidia from the egg. The methods employed here refine the utility of RNAi for functional genomics studies in helminth parasites and confirm these can be used to identify potential drug targets, in this case schistosome aminopeptidases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-126
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Bestatin
  • EC
  • Eggs
  • Hatching
  • LAP
  • Leucine aminopeptidase
  • Leucyl aminopeptidase
  • MEROPS family M17
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA interference
  • Schistosome


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