Sedimentary characteristics of paleo-aeolian dune sands of Salawusu Formation in the Salawusu River Valley

Ou Xianjiao, Li Baosheng, Jin Heling, Dong Guangrong, David Dian Zhang, Wu Zheng, Wen Xiaohao, Zeng Lanhua, Ouyang Chuntao, Yang Yi, Liu Yufei

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6 Citations (SciVal)


The Salawusu Formation of Milanggouwan section in Salawusu River Valley includes 7 layers of paleo-mobile dune sands, and 4 layers of paleo-fixed and semi-fixed dune sands. Their structures have been observed and their grain size, surface textural features and several main chemical elements have been analyzed. The results showed that: 1) Some of the aeolian structural characteristics of these dune sands are similar to that of the recent dune sands. 2) They are also similar to the recent dune sands in grain size components, and parameters of Mz, sigma, Sk and Kg, as well as in several main chemical components. 3) The scattergrams of Mz-sigma and SiO(2)-Al(2)O(3)+TOFE and the probability curves of grain size showed that these paleo-dune sands are different from paleosols and fluvio-lacustrine facies, but are consistency with recent dune sands. 4) Quartz sands have well roundness and surface textural features such as dish-shaped pits, crescent-shaped pits, pockmarked pits, upturned cleavage plates, siliceous precipitates and siliceous crevasses, indicating that they had been carried for a long time by the wind. As the 11 layers of paleo-dune sands possess the aeolian characteristics in structure, grain size, surface textural features and chemical elements, the origin of their formation should be attributed to eolation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-224
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Geographical Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01 May 2008


  • Salawusu River Valley
  • Salawusu Formation
  • paleo-aeolian dune sands
  • aeolian sedimentary characteristics
  • 150 KA BP


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