|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science|
|Editors||Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
The judgment one has about his/her own competence to cope with certain feared animals is believed to have been an adaptive psychological mechanism that has assisted humans in their attempts to avoid serious harm (and therefore enhancing their survival chances) throughout evolutionary history. Nevertheless, such an evolved psychological mechanism is conceivably less relevant in the modern, largely urbanized and medically progressive environment whereby the risk of being severely injured by the dreaded creatures is relatively more modest.