Simplified estimation of forage degradability in the rumen assuming zero-order degradation kinetics

S. Lopez, Ruth Sanderson, Jim France, M. S. Dhanoa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

In the present paper, a simplified procedure using few in situ data points is derived and then evaluated (using a large database) against reference values estimated with the standard nylon bag first-order kinetics model. The procedure proposed involved a two-stage mathematical process, with a statistical prediction of some degradation parameters (such as lag time) and then a kinetic model derived by assuming degradation follows zero-order kinetics to determine effective degradability in the rumen (E). In addition to the estimation of washout fraction and discrete lag, which is common to both procedures, the simplified procedure requires measurement of dry matter losses at one incubation time point only. Thus, interference of the animal rumen will be much reduced, which will lead to increased capacity for feed evaluation. Calibration of the zero-order model against the first-order model showed that suitable estimates of E can be obtained with disappearance at 24, 48 or 72 h as the single incubation end time point. The strength of the calibration is such that an end incubation time point as low as 24 h may be sufficient, which may reduce substantially the total incubation time required and thus the impact on the experimental animal. Relevant regression equations to predict reference values of parameters such as lag time or E are also developed and validated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-240
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Agricultural Science
Volume147
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2009

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