Standardizing Ecosystem Morphological Traits from 3D Information Sources

R. Valbuena*, B. O'Connor, F. Zellweger, W. Simonson, P. Vihervaara, M. Maltamo, C. A. Silva, D. R.A. Almeida, F. Danks, F. Morsdorf, G. Chirici, R. Lucas, D. A. Coomes, N. C. Coops

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

69 Citations (SciVal)
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3D-imaging technologies provide measurements of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems’ structure, key for biodiversity studies. However, the practical use of these observations globally faces practical challenges. First, available 3D data are geographically biased, with significant gaps in the tropics. Second, no data source provides, by itself, global coverage at a suitable temporal recurrence. Thus, global monitoring initiatives, such as assessment of essential biodiversity variables (EBVs), will necessarily have to involve the combination of disparate data sets. We propose a standardized framework of ecosystem morphological traits – height, cover, and structural complexity – that could enable monitoring of globally consistent EBVs at regional scales, by flexibly integrating different information sources – satellites, aircrafts, drones, or ground data – allowing global biodiversity targets relating to ecosystem structure to be monitored and regularly reported.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)656-667
Number of pages12
JournalTrends in Ecology and Evolution
Issue number8
Early online date15 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - 01 Aug 2020


  • digital photogrammetry
  • Essential biodiversity variables (EBVs)
  • light detection and ranging (LIDAR)
  • Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)
  • synthetic aperture radar (SAR)
  • Phenotype
  • Ecosystem
  • Biodiversity
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional


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