Stochastic frontier models with dependent error components

Murray D. Smith*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Citations (SciVal)


In the productivity modelling literature, the disturbances U (representing technical inefficiency) and V (representing noise) of the composite error W = V - U of the stochastic frontier model are assumed to be independent random variables. By employing the copula approach to statistical modelling, the joint behaviour of U and V can be parametrized thereby allowing the data the opportunity to determine the adequacy of the independence assumption. In this context, three examples of the copula approach are given: the first is algebraic (the Logistic-Exponential stochastic frontier model with margins bound by the Farlie-Gumbel-Morgenstern copula), the second uses a cross-section of cost data sampled from the US electrical power industry and the third constructs a model for panel data that is then used to conduct a Monte Carlo exercise in which estimator bias is examined when the dependence structure is incorrectly ignored.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-192
Number of pages21
JournalEconometrics Journal
Issue number1
Early online date04 Jan 2008
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Copula
  • Dependence
  • Sklar's theorem
  • Spearman's S
  • Stochastic frontier model


Dive into the research topics of 'Stochastic frontier models with dependent error components'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this