Subcutaneous administration of a 10-fold-lower dose of a commercial human tuberculosis vaccine, Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Gueŕin Danish, induced levels of protection against bovine tuberculosis and responses in the tuberculin intradermal test similar to those induced by a standard cattle dose

Bryce M. Buddle*, R. Glyn Hewinson, H. Martin Vordermeier, D. Neil Wedlock

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Vaccination of cattle with a commercial human tuberculosis (TB) vaccine, Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) Danish, at a dose equivalent to 5 human doses of BCG has protected these animals against TB in field and experimental trials. There is interest in determining whether a 10-fold-lower dose could still protect cattle but not induce a tuberculin intradermal test response. Two groups of calves (n = 9/group) were vaccinated subcutaneously with a lyophilized BCG Danish vaccine containing either 0.5 (1 × 105 to 4 × 105 CFU) or 5 (1 × 10 6 to 4 × 106 CFU) human doses of BCG Danish, with an additional group of 10 calves serving as nonvaccinated controls. Fifteen weeks after vaccination, these animals were challenged intratracheally with 5 × 103 CFU of virulent M. bovis and another 15 weeks later were slaughtered and examined for the presence of tuberculous lesions. Vaccination of the calves with either 0.5 or 5 equivalent human doses of BCG Danish induced similar levels of protection against challenge with M. bovis, with both groups showing significant reductions in the pathological and microbiological parameters compared to those for the the control group (P < 0.05). Vaccination with either of the two BCG doses induced similar numbers of animals responding to the tuberculin intradermal test at 11 weeks postvaccination. Vaccination with a 0.5 equivalent human dose of a commercial lyophilized BCG vaccine can protect cattle against challenge with M. bovis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1559-1562
Number of pages4
JournalClinical and Vaccine Immunology
Volume20
Issue number10
Early online date07 Aug 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Oct 2013

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