Surface Passivation of Polymer Based Redistribution Layers for Area Selective Deposition of an Oxygen Barrier

Anita Brady-Boyd, Emmanuel Chery, Robert O'Connor, Darragh O'Neil, Silvia Armini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Proceeding (Non-Journal item)


Heterogeneous 3D integration is being hailed as the driver for new technologies due to its stacked device architecture. This increases functionality as the number and length of interconnecting wires decreases, in turn decreasing power consumption. In these advanced packaging technologies, the metal redistribution layers (RDLs) and the insulating polymer surrounding them are crucial components on which stringent reliability requirements are placed. The metal RDL’s are necessary to reroute signals from device level to packaging level. The polymer insulator, used as an alternative to traditional dielectric materials, must (i) be photosensitive to be compatible with lithography processing steps, (ii) possess high mechanical strength, (iii) exhibit good electrical performance, (iv) have a high thermal stability and glass transition temperature, and crucially (v) it must not be hygroscopic. Low or no moisture uptake of the polymer is essential as any moisture can cause mechanical and electrical reliability issues. Absorbed moisture can cause oxidation of Cu lines leading to the well-known problem of Cu diffusion resulting in voids, contact issues, delamination, electromigration and higher leakage currents.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication244th ECS Meeting October 8, 2023 - October 12, 2023 Gothenburg, Sweden
PublisherIOP Publishing
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 22 Dec 2023
Event244th ECS Meeting - Gothenburg, Sweden
Duration: 08 Oct 202312 Oct 2023


Conference244th ECS Meeting
Period08 Oct 202312 Oct 2023


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