Surface Stability in Drylands is Influenced by Dispersal Strategy of Soil Bacteria

David R. Elliott, Andrew Thomas, Craig Strong, Joanna E. Bullard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Microbial adaptations for survival and dispersal may directly influence landscape stability and potential for dust emission in drylands where biological soil crusts (biocrusts) protect mineral soil surfaces from wind erosion. In the Lake Eyre basin of central Australia we operated a wind tunnel on sandy soils and collected the liberated material, which was subjected to DNA sequencing to identify the microbial community composition. Microbial composition of entrained dust was compared with that of the source sand dune soil in addition to nearby claypan and nebkha soils and water channels that together form a recycling sediment transport system. Wind was found to preferentially liberate 359 identified taxa from sand dunes, whereas 137 identified taxa were found to resist wind erosion. Water channel communities included many taxa in common with the soil samples. We hypothesize that the ease with which soil microbes become airborne is often linked to whether the organism is adapted for dispersal by wind or vegetative growth and that biocrust organisms found in water channels may sometimes use a fluvial dispersal strategy, which exploits rare flooding events to rapidly colonize vast pans that are common in drylands. We explain likely geomorphic implications of microbial dispersal strategies which are a consequence of organisms engineering the environment to provide their particular needs. By identifying microbes fitting expectations for these dispersal strategies based on differential abundance analyses, we provide a new perspective for understanding the role of microbiota in landscape stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3403-3418
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences
Volume124
Issue number11
Early online date15 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • biocrust
  • soil
  • microbiome
  • dryland
  • dust
  • air

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