Synaptonemal complex formation in hybrids of Lolium temulentum × Lolium perenne (L.) II: Triploid

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Chromosome pairing and synaptonemal complex formation at zygotene and pachytene are described from serial section reconstructions of pollen mother cell nuclei in a triploid hybrid containing two haploid sets of Lolium perenne chromosomes, one of L. temulentum and two acces-sory B chromosomes. At pachytene the homologous L. perenne chromosomes form complete and continuous synaptonemal complexes while the L. temulentum chromosomes show extensive nonhomologous pairing both within and between themselves. At zygotene however, homoeologous pairing in the form of a “trivalent” and very little non-homologous pairing is observed. Evidently, there exists a mechanism that eliminates homoeologous association during zygotene to ensure strict bivalent formation between homologous chromosomes at pachytene. In Lolium this mechanism is under the influence of the B chromosomes and bears close similarity with that in allohexaploid wheat controlled by the Ph locus.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-390
Number of pages4
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 01 Sept 1985


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