The effect of diet manipulation on nitrous oxide and methane emissions from manure application to incubated grassland soils

Laura M. Cardenas, David R. Chadwick, David Scholefield, A. Rhun Fychan, Christina L. Marley, Raymond Jones, Roland Bol, R. Well, A. Vallejo

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52 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Changes to agricultural management, particularly of the nitrogen (N) input to farms, have great potential for mitigating emissions of N containing gases, especially the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O). Manipulating diets fed to livestock is a potential method for controlling N excretion and emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG's) to the atmosphere. We selected three slurries derived from sheep that had been fed, either ensiled ryegrass (Lolium hybridicum), lucerne (Medicago sativa) or kale (Brassica oleracea) and applied them to a grassland soil from the UK in a laboratory experiment using a special He/O2 atmosphere incubation facility. The resulting fluxes of N2O, CH4 and N2 were measured, with the largest total N fluxes generated by the ryegrass slurry treatment (14.23 ryegrass, 10.84 lucerne, 13.88 kale and 4.40 kg N ha−1 from the control). Methane was emitted only from the ryegrass slurry treatment. The isotopomer signatures for N2O in the control and lucerne slurry treatments indicated that denitrification was the main process responsible for N2O emissions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7096-7107
Number of pages12
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume41
Issue number33
Early online date10 May 2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007

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