The Effect of Turbo Trainer Cycling on Pedalling Technique and Cycling Efficiency

M Arkesteijn, J Hopker, S A Jobson, L Passfield

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    Cycling can be performed on the road or indoors on stationary ergometers. The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in cycling efficiency, muscle activity and pedal forces during cycling on a stationary turbo trainer compared with a treadmill. 19 male cyclists cycled on a stationary turbo trainer and on a treadmill at 150, 200 and 250 W. Cycling efficiency was determined using the Douglas bags, muscle activity patterns were determined using surface electromyography and pedal forces were recorded with instrumented pedals. Treadmill cycling induced a larger muscular contribution from Gastrocnemius Lateralis, Biceps Femoris and Gluteus Maximus of respectively 14%, 19% and 10% compared with turbo trainer cycling (p
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)520-525
    JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2013


    • ergometry
    • treadmill
    • electromyography
    • pedal forces
    • muscle activity


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