The enabling power of international cooperation

Maria Antonietta Perino, Eleonora Ammannito, Gabriella Arrigo, Maria Teresa Capria, Bernard Foing, James Green, Ming Li, Jyeong Ja Kim, Mohammad Madi, Masami Onoda, Yoshio Toukaku, Véronique Dehant, Michel Blanc, Heike Rauer, Pierre Bousquet, Jérémie Lasue, Manuel Grande, Linli Guo, Aurore Hutzler, Jonathan Lewis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


After a brief introductory historical perspective, this chapter reviews the role played by international collaboration in the implementation of the four pillars. It addresses the particularly important perspective of enabling the ambitious set of representative missions identified in Pillar 2, many of which are out of reach by a single space agency or accessible to only a small subgroup of them: international cooperation appears as one of the most promising avenues to accomplish these missions and to provide a valuable role to each space-faring nation in planetary exploration. It then reviews some of the mechanisms for international collaboration and describes some of the most successful ones. Finally, it describes the roles that international cooperation and public–private collaborations are expected to play at the 2061 horizon.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPlanetary Exploration Horizon 2061
Subtitle of host publicationA Long-Term Perspective for Planetary Exploration
EditorsMichel Blanc
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9780323902267
ISBN (Print)9780323902274
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2023


  • Intergovernmental agreement
  • International collaborations working groups
  • International cooperation
  • International Space Station
  • Research Infrastructures
  • Space exploration


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