The influence of the compounding process and testing conditions on the compressive mechanical properties of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide)/α-tricalcium phosphate nanocomposites

Samuel I. J. Wilberforce*, Christopher Edward Finlayson, Serena M. Best, Ruth E. Cameron

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The enhanced biological and degradation properties of bioresorbable polymer matrix nanocomposites intended for use in orthopaedic applications have been demonstrated recently. However, at the moment there are only limited reports addressing their mechanical properties under physiological conditions, which is of central importance to the successful design of these nanocomposites. Here, we show that at room temperature in dry conditions, the incorporation of a-tricalcium phosphate nanoparticles into a matrix of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) increases the compressive strength and modulus. The values at room temperature obtained for nanocomposites compounded by a modified solvent evaporation method via attrition milling in acetone were similar to those from samples compounded by twin screw extrusion. The values for nanocomposites tested at 37 C in phosphate buffered saline solution were significantly lower than those tested at room temperature in dry conditions, and lower still after two weeks of degradation in PBS at 37 C. These effects can be related to hydration, degradation and interface effects in the nanocomposites. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1081-1089
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Volume4
Issue number7
Early online date23 Mar 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • POLYLACTIDE
  • Glass transition temperature
  • Degradation
  • COMPOSITES
  • POLYMERS
  • Poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide)
  • BEHAVIOR
  • GLASS-TRANSITION
  • Compressive modulus
  • NANOPARTICLES
  • DEGRADATION
  • FILLER
  • SCAFFOLDS
  • LACTIDE
  • Nanocomposite

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