The enhanced biological and degradation properties of bioresorbable polymer matrix nanocomposites intended for use in orthopaedic applications have been demonstrated recently. However, at the moment there are only limited reports addressing their mechanical properties under physiological conditions, which is of central importance to the successful design of these nanocomposites. Here, we show that at room temperature in dry conditions, the incorporation of a-tricalcium phosphate nanoparticles into a matrix of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) increases the compressive strength and modulus. The values at room temperature obtained for nanocomposites compounded by a modified solvent evaporation method via attrition milling in acetone were similar to those from samples compounded by twin screw extrusion. The values for nanocomposites tested at 37 C in phosphate buffered saline solution were significantly lower than those tested at room temperature in dry conditions, and lower still after two weeks of degradation in PBS at 37 C. These effects can be related to hydration, degradation and interface effects in the nanocomposites. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials|
|Early online date||23 Mar 2011|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2011|
- Glass transition temperature
- Compressive modulus