The main role of energy sustainability indicators on the water management

Armin Razmjoo, Negar Khalili, Meysam Majidi Nezhad, Nima Mokhtari, Afshin Davarpanah

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Without a doubt during human life, the role of water in our life is the most vital. Water is necessary for human survival and other kind of existing ecosystems. Due to the increasing population and climate change of the earth, human societies need freshwater sources and conservation more than ever before. According to these rapid changes in the importance of water sources, positive actions by the United Nations (UNs) are increasing around the world. Regarding the dramatic increase in energy demand, especially in the water industry, water management plays a significant role in this industry, especially for urban areas. Hence, water management can be useful as a practical and applicable method to achieve energy sustainability and prevent water waste. The main objective of this study is to investigate the four influential indexes, including policy, economy, environment, social and most important indicators that have an impact on water management based on energy sustainability. A new way to achieve energy sustainability using appropriate indicators for water management is crucial, thus correct selection and how to implement them is essential. The result of this study shows, if energy experts and policymakers have a proper strategy and appropriate actions, can improve the situation of water management for megacities and urban areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1419-1426
Number of pages8
JournalModeling Earth Systems and Environment
Issue number3
Early online date01 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 01 Sept 2020


  • water management
  • index
  • energy sustainability
  • indicators
  • Water management
  • Energy sustainability
  • Index
  • Indicators


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