Fifteen putative Streptomyces spp. isolated from soil were selected to be analysed using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Four colour groupings (groups 1–4) were obtained and described according to the colour of their substrate mycelia, aerial mycelia, spore mass and pigmentation. The dendrogram constructed using unsupervised cluster analysis of the FT-IR data was in good congruence with the four colour groups and the neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree for 16S rDNA sequencing. In particular, those isolates having 100% 16S rDNA similarities which are supposed to be from the same species can be separated from each other using FT-IR analysis. This high throughput method only takes 1–10 s to collect a FT-IR spectrum from each sample, and both 96- and 384-well microplates are available for automated analysis. FT-IR therefore presents itself as a rapid, whole-organism fingerprinting approach which can be used for preliminary differentiation of Streptomyces spp. at sub-species or strain level.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 17 Mar 2006|