The transition from two-dimensional to three-dimensional foam structures

D. Weaire, Simon Cox, M. Fátima Vaz

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Small cells in an experimental sample of two-dimensional foam, such as that which is contained between two glass plates, may undergo a transition to a three-dimensional form, becoming detached from one boundary. We present the first detailed observations of this phenomenon, together with computer simulations. The transition is attributed to an instability of the Rayleigh-Plateau type. A theoretical analysis is given which shows that an individual cell is susceptible to this instability only if it has less than six sides.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-315
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Physical Journal E
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2002


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