Timing of the prehistoric eruption of Xitle Volcano and the abandonment of Cuicuilco pyramid, southern Basin of Mexico

Silvia Gonzalez*, Alejandro Pastrana, Claus Siebe, Geoff Duller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The Cuicuilco pyramid was one of the first true urban centres in the Basin of Mexico. Its construction started a few centuries BC, during the Late Preclassic period. The pyramid is partially covered by a basaltic lava flow produced by the Xitle monogenetic volcano. New stratigraphic work around the pyramid and the volcano together with new radiocarbon dates indicate that the pyramid and nearby settlements were abandoned as a direct consequence of the volcanic activity of Xitle. The new dates, obtained from material which clearly is contemporaneous with the volcanic activity, suggest that the eruption took place around 1670 years BP, some 300 years later than previously thought.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-224
Number of pages20
JournalGeological Society Special Publications
Volume171
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2000

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