Top‐down or bottom‐up: Is security and defence policy in the EU a question of political will or military capability?

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Abstract

Much of the debate since the formation of the Common Foreign and Security Policy has focused on the political will, or lack thereof, as the principal obstacle to a successful European security policy. However, even if a cohesive will to develop a clear and operational foreign and security policy exists, the lack of military capabilities within the EU would make the implementation of that policy difficult, if not impossible, for the foreseeable future. The emerging political will to develop a CFSP needs to be paralleled by significant improvements in the force projection capabilities of the EU member states in order for a CFSP and future Common Defence Policy to be credible.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-30
Number of pages18
JournalEuropean Security
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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