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Alfvén waves have proven to be important in a range of physical systems due to their ability to transport non-thermal energy over long distances in a magnetized plasma. This property is of specific interest in solar physics, where the extreme heating of the atmosphere of the Sun remains unexplained. In an inhomogeneous plasma such as a flux tube in the solar atmosphere, they manifest as incompressible torsional perturbations. However, despite evidence in the upper atmosphere, they have not been directly observed in the photosphere. Here, we report the detection of antiphase incompressible torsional oscillations observed in a magnetic pore in the photosphere by the Interferometric Bidimensional Spectropolarimeter. State-of-the-art numerical simulations suggest that a kink mode is a possible excitation mechanism of these waves. The excitation of torsional waves in photospheric magnetic structures can substantially contribute to the energy transport in the solar atmosphere and the acceleration of the solar wind, especially if such signatures will be ubiquitously detected in even smaller structures with the forthcoming next generation of solar telescopes.
|Number of pages||6|
|Early online date||10 May 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 01 Jul 2021|
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Solar System Physics at Aberystwyth University
Morgan, H., Cook, T., Gorman, M., Li, X., Pinter, B. & Taroyan, Y.
Science and Technology Facilities Council
01 Apr 2019 → 31 Dec 2022
Project: Externally funded research