Tracing the Magnetic Field Topology of the Quiet Corona Using Propagating Disturbances

Huw Morgan*, Marianna B. Korsós

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

The motion of faint propagating disturbances (PDs) in the solar corona reveals an intricate structure that must be defined by the magnetic field. Applied to quiet Sun observations by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA)/Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), a novel method reveals a cellular network, with cells of typical diameters 50″ in the cool 304 Å channel and 100″ in the coronal 193 Å channel. The 193 Å cells can overlie several 304 Å cells, although both channels share common source and sink regions. The sources are points, or narrow corridors, of divergence that occupy the centers of cells. They are significantly aligned with photospheric network features and enhanced magnetic elements. This shows that the bright network is important to the production of PDs and confirms that the network is host to the source footpoint of quiet coronal loops. The other footpoint, or the sinks of the PDs, form the boundaries of the coronal cells. These are not significantly aligned with the photospheric network - they are generally situated above the dark internetwork photosphere. They form compact points or corridors, often without an obvious signature in the underlying photosphere. We argue that these sink points can either be concentrations of closed field footpoints associated with minor magnetic elements in the internetwork or concentrations of an upward-aligned open field. The link between the coronal velocity and magnetic fields is strengthened by comparison with a magnetic extrapolation, which shows several general and specific similarities, thus the velocity maps offer a valuable additional constraint on models.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL27
Number of pages13
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume933
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • 360
  • The Sun and the Heliosphere

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