Tumour-like phenotypes in urothelial cells after exposure to antigens from eggs of Schistosoma haematobium: An oestrogen-DNA adducts mediated pathway?

Mónica C. Botelho*, Nuno Vale, Maria João Gouveia, Gabriel Rinaldi, Julio Santos, Lucio L. Santos, Paula Gomes, Paul J. Brindley, José Manuel Correia da Costa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Chronic infection with the blood fluke, Schistosoma haematobium, is associated with squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder. Previously, it has been shown that soluble extracts of mixed sex adult S. haematobium worms (SWAP) are tumourigenic, both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, oestrogen-related molecules in SWAP of S. haematobium down-regulate oestrogen receptors (ERs) alpha and beta in oestrogen responsive cells. Moreover, schistosome oestrogens occur in sera of persons with schistosomiasis haematobia and repress transcription of ERs in urothelial cells. Given that eggs of S. haematobium are the developmental stage directly responsible for urogenital disease during schistosomiasis haematobia, we suspected that soluble antigens from S. haematobium eggs exhibit similar or more potent tumorigenic capacity. Here we investigated the tumorigenic potential of soluble egg antigens (Sh-SEA) of S. haematobium and the endocrine system in favouring parasitism by schistosomes. The findings confirmed that 6.25. μg/ml of Sh-SEA was enough to stimulate cell proliferation, reduce apoptosis and increase oxidative stress of Sh-SEA-exposed urothelial cells. In addition, genotoxic effects of Sh-SEA on these cells were determined by using alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis (Comet). Furthermore, Liquid Chromatography Diode Array Detection Electron Spray Ionisation Mass Spectrometry indicated the presence of catechol-oestrogens in S. haematobium SEA. A prospective oestrogen-DNA adduct mediated pathway in S. haematobium egg induced bladder cancer is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-26
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal for Parasitology
Volume43
Issue number1
Early online date20 Dec 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bladder cancer
  • Eggs
  • Genotoxicity
  • HCV29 cells
  • LC-DAD/ESI-MS
  • Oestrogen-DNA adducts
  • Oxidative stress
  • Schistosoma haematobium

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