Using wearable technology to detect the autonomic signature of illness severity in schizophrenia

Matteo Cella, Łukasz Okruszek, Megan Lawrence, Valerio Zarlenga, Zhimin He, Til Wykes

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Abstract

Introduction: Research suggests that people with schizophrenia have autonomic dysfunctions. These have been linked to functioning problems, symptoms and considered a risk factor for illness chronicity. The aim of this study is to introduce a new Mobile Health (mHealth)method using wearable technology to assessing autonomic activity in people's everyday life.We aim to evaluate the new method acceptability and characterise the association between schizophrenia illness features and autonomic abnormalities.

Method: Thirty participants with schizophrenia and 25 controls were asked to wear a mHealth device measuring autonomic activity and movements during their normal everyday life. Measures of device use acceptability were collected from all participants. Participants with schizophrenia were also assessed for symptoms and functioning levels. Measures of heart rate variability (HRV), electrodermal activity (EDA) and movement were collected by the device and groups were compared. Correlation between physiological measures, functioning, symptoms and medication levels were assessed in people with schizophrenia.

Results: The mHealth device method proved to be acceptable and produced reliable measures of autonomic activity and behaviour. Compared to controls, people with schizophrenia showed lower levels of HRV, movement and functioning. In people with schizophrenia illness severity, particularly positive symptoms, was associated with parasympathetic deregulation.

Conclusions: Autonomic abnormalities can be detected using wearable technology from people's everyday life. These are in line with previous research and support the notion that autonomic deregulation are relevant illness
features for mental and physical health in schizophrenia. This method may be developed as a monitoring system for well-being and relapse prevention.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-542
Number of pages6
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume195
Early online date03 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2018

Keywords

  • Schizophrenia
  • psychosis
  • heart rate
  • functioning
  • mobile health
  • digital technology

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