Wales in the World: Intergovernmental Relations and Sub-state Diplomacy

Richard Llywelyn Wyn Jones, Elin Royles

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16 Citations (SciVal)


This article explores intergovernmental relations between the devolved Welsh Assembly Government and the central UK government through the prism of two case studies focusing on examples of Welsh sub-state diplomacy, the first being international activity aimed at promoting trade and investment and the second the 'Wales for Africa' programme. The article focuses in particular on the implications for Wales-UK relations of partial party incongruence brought about by the formation of the Labour-Plaid Cymru coalition government in Cardiff in the summer of 2007. The authors also examine the early indications of the impact of full party incongruence following the formation of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government in London in June 2010.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-269
Number of pages19
JournalBritish Journal of Politics and International Relations
Issue number2
Early online date03 Apr 2012
Publication statusPublished - May 2012


  • intergovernmental relations
  • Wales
  • party incongruence
  • sub-state diplomacy


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